Honey Facts

  • Honey is one of the only foods that never spoils. It will not rot or ferment when stored under normal conditions but may crystallize over time.
  • Modern archaeologists have found pots of honey in an ancient Egyptian tomb. The honey is the world's oldest sample dating back 3,000 years – and is still edible.
  • Honey is a biological mixture of inverted sugars, primarily glucose and fructose. It has antibacterial and antifungal properties. 
  • A beekeepers main tools are a protective veil, smoker, gloves, and a hive tool.
  • Beekeepers use a smoker while beekeeping to inhibit the guard bees' alarm pheromone from reaching the other bees. 
  • Honeybees do not hibernate but they do cluster for warmth in the winter. They vibrate their wing muscles to create heat when the hive gets too cold.

  • Honeybees will visit two million flowers to make one pound of honey.
  • Honey is the only food that includes all life-sustaining substances - enzymes, vitamins, minerals, and water. 
  • Honeybees use their long, tubelike tongues (proboscis) to suck the nectar out of flowers. The average proboscis is 6.5 mm (0.25 inches) long.
 
  • Worldwide, there are 12 species of honeybees. The western honey bee, or European honey bee (Apis mellifera), is the most common, occupying every continent except Antarctica. Apis mellifera means "honey-carrying bee." 
  • Honeybees are experts at thermoregulation, maintaining a body temperature and hive temperature of 95 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • It takes a worker bee about 12 hours to secrete 8 wax scales. Around 1,000 scales must be created to make a single gram of wax.
  • A single honeybee will visit 50 to 100 flowers during a collection trip.